Curriculum Vitae


1989 B.A. East Asian Languages & Civilizations University of Chicago
1995 M.S. Human Nutrition & Nutritional Biology University of Chicago
2001 M.D. Medicine University of Chicago
2010 M.S. Health Studies University of Chicago

Postdoctoral Training

07/2001-06/2004 Resident Pediatrics University of Chicago
07/2004-07/2006 Fellow Robert Wood Johnson
Clinical Scholars Program
University of Chicago

Faculty Academic Appointments

07/2006-07/2007 Clinical Instructor Pediatrics University of Chicago
07/2007-08/2008 Instructor Pediatrics University of Chicago
09/2008-09/2010 Lecturer Pediatrics Harvard Medical School
10/2010- Assistant Professor Pediatrics Harvard Medical School


Appointments at Hospitals/Affiliated Institutions

2004-2006 Physician Pediatrics Friend Family Health Center, Chicago, IL
2006-2007 Physician Emergency Medicine University of Chicago
2007-2008 Physician Advanced Pediatric Health Services University of Chicago
2008- Physician Pediatrics Boston Children’s Hospital
2011- Core Program Faculty Harvard Pediatric Health Services Research Fellowship Program
2015- Associate Faculty Member Ariadne Labs


Committee Service


2001-2002 Selection Committee Pediatric Residency Program, University of Chicago
2007-2008 Admissions Committee Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago
2009- Research Faculty Recruitment Committee Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children’s Hospital
2017- Candidate-Faculty Liaison and Recruitment Coordinator
2010-2012 Finance Office Workgroup Boston Children’s Hospital
2013- Physician Organization Congress Boston Children’s Hospital
2015- Medicaid Accountable Care Organization Boston Children’s Hospital
2015- Research Faculty Chair
2017- Board of Directors



2013 Member BlueCross Blue Shield of Massachusetts

Patient Reported Outcomes Collaborative

2014 Measurement Advisory Group Massachusetts Health Quality Partners



2013 Expert Panel National Quality Forum

Risk Adjustment and Socioeconomic Status

2013-2015 Advisory Panel Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute

Disparities Panel

Professional Societies

2003- American Academy of Pediatrics
2003-2004 Member
2003-2006 District VI Resident Liaison, Community Access to Child Health Program
2005 Fellow
2006-2007 Chair, Steering Committee on Quality Improvement Management Measurement Interest Group
2010 Member, Guidelines into Decision Support Expert Committee
2013- Member, Massachusetts Chapter
2013- Member, Committee on Pediatric Research (National)
2006- Academic Pediatric Association
2012 Abstract Review Committee, Pediatric Academic Societies
2014 Chair, Disparities Panel, Pediatric Academic Societies
2015- Member, Research Executive Committee
2015- Member, Public Policy and Advocacy Committee
2010- AcademyHealth
2010 Chair, Child Health Theme Selection, Annual Research Meeting
2010 Chair, Primary Care Panel, Annual Research Meeting
2011 Chair, Disparities Panel, Annual Research Meeting
2012-2015 Planning Committee, Child Health Interest Group
2015- Planning Committee, Annual Research Meeting
2013- Society for Pediatric Research
2016- Diversity and Engagement Workgroup
2014- Society for General Internal Medicine
2015 Review Committee, Clinical Decision-Making and Economic Analysis Review Abstract Selection

 Honors and Prizes

1995 Young Investigator Award Finalist American Society of Clinical Nutrition Research
1997 Summer Research Award University of Chicago Research
1998 Chicago Schweitzer Urban Fellowship Award Chicago, IL Community Service
1998 Community Service Award Maria Shelter, Chicago, IL Community Service
2003 First Place, Unusual Clinical Case Competition Chicago Pediatrics Society Best Clinical Case Presentation
2006 Region V-Fellow Abstract Competition Award Ambulatory Pediatric Association Research
2008 Community Service Award Washington Park Free Clinic, Chicago IL Community Service
2010 Most Cited Article Medical Care Research and Review Research
2012 Best Abstract in Child Health Theme AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting Research
2015 Best Abstract in Payment and Delivery System Innovation Theme AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting Research


Clinical Activities and Innovations

Current Licensure and Certification

Year Type of License or Certification
2004 Illinois
2008 Massachusetts
2005, 2015 American Board of Pediatrics


Practice Activities

2006-2007 Emergency department University of Chicago Department of Emergency Medicine 7.5 hours weekly
2007-2008 Inpatient clinic University of Chicago Pediatric Hospitalists Group 7.5 hours weekly
2008- Outpatient clinic General Pediatrics, Boston Children’s Hospital 7.5 hours weekly


Report of Education of Patients and Service to the Community


1996-1997 Washington Park Free Pediatric Clinic, Chicago IL/ Founder
1997-2003 Washington Park Free Pediatric Clinic, Chicago IL/ Clinic Volunteer
2004-2008 Washington Park Free Pediatric Clinic, Chicago IL/ Steering Committee
1998-1999 Schweitzer Urban Fellowship Program, Chicago, IL/ Advisor
2000-2005 Schweitzer Urban Fellowship Program, Chicago, IL/ Board Member


Report of Scholarship

Peer-reviewed scholarship in print or other media:

Research investigations

  1. Chien AT, Coker T, Choi L, Lowrie R, Slora E, Bodnar P, Weiley V, Wasserman R, Johnson J. What do pediatric primary care providers think are important research questions? A perspective from PROS providers. Ambul Pediatr. 2006;6(6):352-5. PMID:17116610. doi:1016/j.ambp.2006.07.002
  2. Chien AT, Chin MH, Davis AM, Casalino LP. Pay for performance, public reporting, and racial disparities in health care: how are programs being designed? Med Care Res Rev. 2007;64(5S):283S-304S. PMID: doi:10.1177/1077558707305426.
  3. Chien AT, Coleman M, Friedman-Ross LS. Qualitative insights into how pediatric pay-for-performance programs are being designed. Acad Pediatr. 2009;9(3):185-91. PMID:19450779. doi:1016/j.acap.2009.01.005.
  4. Bauer SC, Smith PJ, Chien AT, Berry A, Msall M. Educating pediatric residents about developmental and social-emotional health. Infants and Young Children. 2010;22(4):309-20. doi:1097/IYC.0b013e3181bc4da0.
  5. Weinick RM, Chien AT, Rosenthal MB, Bristol SJ, Blumenthal DR. Hospital executives’ perspectives on pay-for-performance and racial/ethnic disparities in care. Med Care Res Rev. 2010;67(5):574-89. PMID:20054056. doi:1177/1077558709354522.
  6. Perry R, Chien AT, Fisher T, Walker W, Johnson WE. African American adolescent males’ views on doctors and the health care system. J Natl Med Assoc. 2010;102:312-20. PMID:20437738. doi:10.1016/S0027-9684(15)30603-9.
  7. Bardach NS, Chien AT, Dudley RA. Small numbers limit the use of the inpatient pediatric quality indicators for hospital comparison. Acad Pediatr. 2010;10(4):266-73. PMID:20599180. PMCID:PMC2897835. doi:1016/j.acap.2010.04.025.
  8. Chien AT, Li Z, Rosenthal MB. Improving timely childhood immunizations through pay for performance in Medicaid-managed care. Health Serv Res. 2010;45:1934-47. PMID:20849554. PMCID:PMC3029849. doi:1111/j.1475-6773.2010.01168.x.
  9. Chien AT, Kirchhoff AC, Schaefer CT, Huang ES, Brown SE, Heuer L, Graber J, Casalino LP, Chin MH. Positive and negative spillovers of the Health Disparities Collaboratives in Federally Qualified Health Centers: staff perceptions. Med Care. 2010;48(12):1050-6. PMID:20966782. PMCID:PMC4558100. doi:1097/MLR.0b013e3181f37d46.
  10. Flaherman VJ, Chien AT, McCulloch CE, Dudley RA. Breastfeeding rates differ significantly by method used: a cause for concern for public health measurement. Breastfeeding Medicine. 2011;6(1):31-5. PMID:21091054. PMCID:PMC3103053. doi:1089/bfm.2010.0021.
  11. Lee HC, Chien AT, Bardach NS, Gould JB, Dudley RA. The impact of statistical choices on neonatal intensive care unit quality ratings based on nosocomial infection rates. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165:429-34. PMID:21536958. PMCID:PMC4104272. doi:1001/archpediatrics.2011.41.
  12. Schwebel DC, Roth DL, Elliott MN, Chien AT, Mrug S, Shipp E, Dittus P, Zlomke K, Schuster MA. Marital conflict and fifth-graders’ risk for injury. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2012;47:30-5. PMID:22405236. doi:1016/j.aap.2012.01.005.
  13. Chien AT, Eastman D, Li Z, Rosenthal MB. Impact of a pay for performance program to improve diabetes care in the safety net. Preventive Medicine. 2012;55S:S80-5. PMID:23046985. doi:1016/j.ypmed.2012.05.004.
  14. Chien AT,
  15. Wallander JL, Fradkin CD, Chien AT, Mrug S, Banspach SW, Davies S, Elliott MN, Franzini L, Schuster MA. Racial/ethnic disparities in quality of life and health in children are largely mediated by family contextual differences. Acad Pediatr. 2012;12(6):532-8. PMID:22884796. doi:1016/j.acap.2012.04.005.
  16. Barry CL, Chien AT, Normand ST, Busch AB, Azzone V, Goldman HH, Huskamp HA. Parity and out-of-pocket spending for children with high mental health or substance abuse expenditures. Pediatrics. 2013;131(3):e903-11. PMID:23420919. PMCID:PMC3581843. doi:1542/peds.2012-1491.
  17. Toomey SL, Chien AT, Elliot MN, Ratner J, Schuster MA. Disparities in unmet need for care coordination: the national survey of children’s health. Pediatrics. 2013;131(2):217-24. PMID:23339228. doi:1542/peds.2012-1535.
  18. Chien AT, Song ZS, Chernew ME, Landon BE, McNeil BJ, Schuster MA. Two-year impact of the Alternative Quality Contract on pediatric healthcare quality and spending. Pediatrics. 2014;133(1):96-104. PMID:24366988. PMCID:PMC4079291. doi:1542/peds.2012-3440.
  19. Chien AT, Chin MH, Alexander GC, Tang H, Peek ME. Physician financial incentives and care for the underserved in the United States. Am J Manag Care. 2014;20(2):121-9. PMID:24738530. PMCID:PMC4110893.
  20. Fradkin C, Wallander JL, Yamakawa Y, Schwebel DC, Chien AT, Le YL, Li DH, Elliott M, Schuster MA. Quality of life among Asian American youth. Asian Am J Psychol. 2014;5(1):13–21. PMID:27087894. PMCID:PMC4831066. doi:1037/a0029822.
  21. Smith AJB, Chien AT. Massachusetts health reform and access for children with special health care needs. 2014; 134(2):218-26. PMID:25002660. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-3884.
  22. Song H, Chien AT, Fisher J, Martin J, Peters AS, Hacker K, Rosenthal MB, Singer SJ. Development and validation of the Primary Care Team Dynamics survey. Health Serv Res. 2015;50(3):897-921. PMID:25423886. PMCID:PMC4450936. doi:1111/1475-6773.12257.
  23. Weir RC, Law H, Oneha MF, Lee SM, Chien AT. Impact of a P4P and HIT program to reduce emergency department hospital utilization at federally qualified health centers in Hawai‘i. AAPI Nexus: Policy, Practice and Community. 2014;12(1-2):83-96. doi:10.17953/appc.12.1-2.h2wg57772576176k.
  24. Berry JG, Zaslavsky AM, Toomey SL, Chien AT, Jang J, Bryant MC, Klein DJ, Kaplan WJ, Schuster MA. Recognizing differences in pediatric hospital quality performance. Pediatrics. 2015;136(2):251-62. PMID:26169435. PMCID:PMC4516938. doi:1542/peds.2014-3131.
  25. Scott SM, Wallander JL, Elliot MN, Grunbaum JA, Chien AT, Tortolero S, Cuccaro P, Schuster MA. Do social resources protect against lower quality of life among diverse young adolescents? The Journal of Early Adolescence 2016;36: 754-82, first published on June 1, 2015 as doi:10.1177/0272431615588367
  26. Chien AT, Kuhlthau KA, Toomey SL, Quinn JA, Houtrow AJ, Kuo DZ, Okumura MJ, Van Cleave JM, Johnson CK, Mahoney LL, Martin J, Landrum MB, Schuster MA. Development of the children with disabilities algorithm. Pediatrics. 2015;136(4):e871-8. PMID:26416938. doi:1542/peds.2015-0228.
  27. Sheridan B, Chien AT, Peters AS, Rosenthal MB, Veazey Brooks J, Singer SJ. Team-based primary care: the medical assistant perspective. Health Care Manage Rev. 2016;
  28. Chien AT, Schiavoni KH, Sprecher E, Landon BE, McNeil BJ, Chernew ME, Schuster MA. How accountable care organizations responded to pediatric incentives in the Alternative Quality Contract. Academic Pediatrics. 2016 Mar.16(2):200-7. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2015.10.008. Epub 2015 Oct 30. PMID:26523636. doi:1016/j.acap.2015.10.008.
  29. Schiavoni KH, Lehmann LS, Guan W, Rosenthal MB, Sequist TD, Chien AT. How primary care physicians integrate price information into clinical decision making. J Gen Intern Med. August 2016. doi:10.1007/s11606-016-3805-0. PMID:27561735. PMCID:PMC5215149. doi:1007/s11606-016-3805-0.
  30. Chien AT, Ganeshan S, Schuster MA, Lehmann LS, Hatfield LA, Koplan KE, Petty CR, Sinaiko AD, Sequist TD, Rosenthal MB. The effect of price information on the ordering of images and procedures. Pediatrics.2017;139(2)
  31. Chien AT, Lehmann LS, Hatfield LA, Koplan KE, Petty CR, Sinaiko AD, Rosenthal MB, Sequist TD. A randomized trial of displaying paid price information on imaging study and procedure ordering rates. J Gen Internal Med. 2017;32(4):434-48. PMID: 27913910. DOI: 1007/s11606-016-3917-6.
  32. Chien AT, Kuhlthau KA, Toomey SL, Quinn JA, Okumura MJ, Kuo DZ, Houtrow AJ, Van Cleave JM, Jang J, Furdyna M, Janmey I, Landrum MB, Schuster MA. Quality of primary care for children with disabilities enrolled in Medicaid. Academic Pediatrics, In Press October 2016.
  33. Song H, Ryan M, Tendulkar S, Fisher J, Martin J, Peters AS, Frolkis JP, Rosenthal MB, Chien AT, Singer SJ. Team dynamics, clinical work satisfaction, and patient care coordination between primary care providers: a mixed methods study. Health Care Manage Rev. 2017;42(1):28-41. PMCID:26545206. doi:1097/HMR.0000000000000091.

Other peer-reviewed scholarship

  1. Chin MH, Chien AT. Reducing racial and ethnic disparities in health care: An integral part of quality improvement scholarship. Qual Saf Health Care. 2006;15:79-80. PMID:16585103. PMCID: PMC2464839. doi: 1136/qshc.2006.017749.
  2. Chien AT, Walters A, Chin MH. Community health center quality improvement: a systematic review and future directions for research. Prog Community Health Partnersh. 2007;1(1):105-16. PMID:20208279. doi:1353/cpr.0.0002.
  3. Chien AT, Dudley RA. Pay-for-performance in pediatrics: Proceed with caution. 2007;120:186-8. PMID:17606578. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-1158.
  4. Chien AT, Conti RM, Pollack HA. A pediatric-focused review of the performance incentive literature. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2007;19(6):719-25. PMID:18025943. PMCID:PMC4597772. doi:1097/MOP.0b013e3282f1eb70.
  5. Chien AT, Chin MH. Incorporating disparity reduction into pay-for-performance. J Gen Int Med. 2009;24(1):135-6. PMID:19080400. PMCID: PMC2607513. doi:1007/s11606-008-0884-6.
  6. Chien AT, Rosenthal MB. Medicare’s physician value-based payment modifier – Will the tectonic shift create waves? N Engl J Med. 2013;369(22):2076-8. PMID:24195501. doi:1056/NEJMp1311957.
  7. Cabana MD, Cheng TL, Bauer AJ, Bogue CW, Chien AT, Dean JM, Scheindlin B, Kelle A, Coyne-Beasley T, DiMeglio L, DeGraw CA, Dougherty D, Freed GL, Guttmacher AE, Minkovitz C, Shalowitz M, Cull W. Promoting education, mentorship, and support for pediatric research. Pediatrics. 2014;133(5):943-9.
  8. Sinaiko AD, Chien AT, Rosenthal MB. The role of states in improving price transparency in health care. JAMA Internal Medicine. 2015; 175(6):886-7. PMID:25822892. doi:1001/jamainternmed.2015.0628.
  9. Cheng T, Ashanti N, DiMeglio L, Chien AT, Peeples E, Raetz E, Scheindlin B, Denne S. Seven Great Achievements in pediatric research in the past 40 years. Pediatric Research. 2016;80:330-7. doi:1038/pr.2016.95.
  10. Sinaiko AD, Chien AT. Achieving the promise of price transparency. JAMA Internal Medicine. 2017;


Non-peer reviewed scholarship in print or other media:

Reviews, chapters, monographs, and editorials

  1. Chien AT. The potential impact of performance incentive programs on racial disparities in healthcare. In: Williams RA, editor. Eliminating health care disparities in America: Beyond the Institute of Medicine report. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press Inc; 2007.
  2. Rosenthal MB, Chien AT. Implications of value-based purchasing for health disparities: A synthesis of the evidence. Prepared for the Office of Minority Health. June 30, 2008.
  3. Chien AT. Can pay for performance improve the quality of adolescent substance abuse treatment? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(10):964-5. PMID:22893117. doi:1001/archpediatrics.2012.1186.
  4. Chien AT, Rosenthal MB. Waste not, want not: Promoting efficient use of health care resources. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(1):67-8. PMID:23277903. doi:7326/0003-4819-158-1-201301010-00014.
  5. Berry JG, Chien AT. To risk adjust or not to risk adjust: Should that be the question? JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):319-20. PMID:26882408. doi:1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4527.


Case reports

  1. Chien AT. Seven times a charm. Chicago Medicine. 2003;106(15):14-5.